Herodotus English 1.31 -1.31.2 Alfred Denis Godley
Herodotus Greek 1.31-1.31.2
Herodotus English 1.31-1.31.2 The Landmark Herodotus
When Solon had provoked him by saying that the affairs of Tellus were so fortunate , Croesus asked who he thought was next , fully expecting to win second prize . Solon answered , " Cleobis and Biton .
They were of Argive stock , had enough to live on , and on top of this had great bodily strength . Both had won prizes in the athletic contests , and this story is told about them : there was a festival of Hera in Argos , and their mother absolutely had to be conveyed to the temple by a team of oxen . But their oxen had not come back from the fields in time , so the youths took the yoke upon their own shoulders under constraint of time . They drew the wagon , with their mother riding atop it , traveling five miles until they arrived at the temple .
ὣς δὲ τὰ κατὰ τὸν Τέλλον προετρέψατο ὁ Σόλων τὸν Κροῖσον εἴπας πολλά τε καὶ ὀλβία , ἐπειρώτα τίνα δεύτερον μετʼ ἐκεῖνον ἴδοι , δοκέων πάγχυ δευτερεῖα γῶν οἴσεσθαι . ὃ δʼ εἶπε " Κλέοβίν τε καὶ Βίτωνα .
τούτοισι γὰρ ἐοῦσι γένος Ἀργείοισι βίος τε ἀρκέων ὑπῆν , καὶ πρὸς τούτῳ ῥώμη σώματος τοιήδε · ἀεθλοφόροι τε ἀμφότεροι ὁμοίως ἦσαν , καὶ δὴ καὶ λέγεται ὅδε ὁ λόγος . ἐούσης ὁρτῆς τῇ Ἥρῃ τοῖσι Ἀργείοισι ἔδεε πάντως τὴν μητέρα αὐτῶν ζεύγεϊ κομισθῆναι ἐς τὸ ἱρόν , οἱ δέ σφι βόες ἐκ τοῦ ἀγροῦ οὐ παρεγίνοντο ἐν ὥρῃ · ἐκκληιόμενοι δὲ τῇ ὥρῃ οἱ νεηνίαι ὑποδύντες αὐτοὶ ὑπὸ τὴν ζεύγλην εἷλκον τὴν ἅμαξαν , ἐπὶ τῆς ἁμάξης δέ σφι ὠχέετο ἡ μήτηρ · σταδίους δὲ πέντε καὶ τεσσεράκοντα διακομίσαντες ἀπίκοντο ἐς τὸ ἱρόν .
" Provoked , Croesus asks Solon who is the next most fortunate , and Solon replies , Cleobis and Biton . As Solon spoke at length about Tellus’ happiness and prosperity , he spurred Croesus to ask further who might be the next most happy man . Croesus was altogether certain he would win at least second place . But Solon said , " Cleobis and Biton .
These were Argivesa who had enough resources to live on and in addition were physically fit , as is shown by the fact that they both won prizes at athletic contests , as well as by this story told about them .
" The Argives were having a festival for Hera , b and their mother had to be taken to the shrine in a wagon , but the oxen were not back from the fields in time to pull it . With time running out , the young men put themselves under the yoke and themselves hauled the wagon , with their mother riding in it , for five miles , c until they brought her all the way to the sanctuary .