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Odyssey, book I (excerpt)

Glenn Maur / English 495 readings
  • Created on 2020-04-16 23:47:10
  • Modified on 2020-04-17 01:43:23
  • Aligned by Glenn Maur
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A . T . Murray ( 1919 )

Tell me , Muse , of the man of many devices , driven far astray after he had sacked the sacred citadel of Troy . Many were the men whose cities he saw and whose minds he learned , and many the woes he suffered in his heart upon the sea , seeking to win his own life and the return of his comrades . Yet even so he did not save his comrades , for all his desire , for through their own blind folly they perished fools , who devoured the cattle of Helios Hyperion ; whereupon he took from them the day of their returning . Of these things goddess , daughter of Zeus , beginning where you will , tell us in our turn .
Robert Fitzgerald ( 1960 )

Sing in me , Muse , and through me tell the story of that man skilled in all ways of contending , the wanderer , harried for years on end , after he plundered the stronghold on the proud height of Troy . He saw the townlands and learned the minds of many distant men , and weathered many bitter nights and days in his deep heart at sea , while he fought only to save his life , to bring his shipmates home . But not by will nor valor could he save them , for their own recklessness destroyed them all children and fools , they killed and feasted on the cattle of Lord Helios , the Sun , and he who moves all day through heaven took from their eyes the dawn of their return . Of these adventures , Muse , daughter of Zeus , tell us in our time , lift the great song again .
Emily Wilson ( 2018 )

Tell me about a complicated man , Muse , tell me how he wandered and was lost when he had wrecked the holy town of Troy , and where he went , and who he met , the pain he suffered in the storms at sea , and how he worked to save his life and bring his men back home . He failed to keep them safe ; poor fools , they ate the Sun God’s cattle , and the god kept them from home . Now goddess , child of Zeus , tell the old story for our modern times . Find the beginning .

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Odyssey, book IV (excerpt)

Glenn Maur / English 495 readings
  • Created on 2020-04-17 01:30:42
  • Modified on 2020-04-17 01:39:38
  • Aligned by Glenn Maur
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A . T . Murray ( 1919 )

So Helen sat down upon the chair , and below was a footstool for the feet ; and at once she questioned her husband on each matter , and said : Do we know , Menelaus , fostered by Zeus , who these men declare themselves to be who have come to our house ? Shall I disguise my thought , or speak the truth ? My heart bids me speak . For never yet , I declare , saw I one so like another , whether man or woman amazement holds me , as I look as this man is like the son of great-hearted Odysseus , Telemachus , whom that warrior left a newborn child in his house when for the sake of shameless me you Achaeans came up under the walls of Troy , pondering in your hearts fierce war .
Robert Fitzgerald ( 1960 )

Reclining in her light chair with its footrest , Helen gazed at her husband and demanded : Menelaos , my lord , have we yet heard our new guests introduce themselves ? Shall I dissemble what I feel ? No , I must say it . Never , anywhere , have I seen so great a likeness in man or woman but it is truly strange ! This boy must be the son of Odysseus , Telemakhos , the child he left at home that year the Akhaian host made war on Troy daring all for the wanton that I was .
Emily Wilson ( 2018 )

She sat down and put her feet upon a stool , and asked her husband , who have arrived here in our house ? Shall I conceal my thoughts or speak ? I feel compelled to say , the sight of them amazes me . I never saw two people so alike as this boy and Telemachus , the son of spirited Odysseus , the child he left behind , a little newborn baby , the day the Greeks marched off to Troy , their minds fixated on the war and violence . They made my face the cause that hounded them .

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Shahnameh Alignment

Demir Uslu / Shahnameh Final Project Alignment
  • Created on 2021-05-14 23:50:15
  • Modified on 2021-05-15 00:54:41
  • Aligned by Demir Uslu
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Warner Translation :

One of the desert spear-armed Bedouins
Of noble birth then lived a virtuous king ,
Just , highborn , generous , and hight Mardas ,
Who sought his God with reverence and sighs ,
He kept a thousand head of all milch cattle ,
Goats , camels , sheep , and kine—a gentle breed—
With Arab steeds , all timid beauties they ,
And grudged the milk to none . He had a son
Whom much he loved—Zahhak , a gallant prince ,
But hasty . People called him Biwarasp .
Ten thousand is " biwar " in ancient Persian ,
And he possessed ten thousand Arab steeds
With golden equipage—a famous stud .
Most of his days and nights he spent on horseback
[ p . 136 ]
Engaged in superintendence not in war .

One day Iblis approached him as a friend
And led his wits astray . The youth gave ear
With pleasure and all unsuspectingly
Gave to Iblis heart , reason , and pure soul ,
And heaped the dust on his own head . Iblis
Exulted seeing that the youth was snared
And gulled the simpleton with specious words ,
Thus saying : " I could tell thee many things
Known to myself alone . "

The youth made answer :
" Tell me at once , my worthy monitor ! "

Iblis replied : " First promise , then my story . "
The guileless youth swore as Iblis dictated :
" Thy secret shall be kept , thy bidding done . "
DeepL Translation :
[ 1 ] There was [ there was ] a man at that time [ 2 ] of the country [ inhabited ] by horsemen armed with spears ( the deserts of Arabia inhabited by warlike people ) , [ 3 ] a king at once of great valor and at the same time an honest man , [ 4 ] [ full ] of sighs for fear of the Reggitor of the world ( God ) . [ 5 ] The name of [ that ] valiant man was Mirdâs , [ 6 ] and [ he ] for justice and for liberality was [ a man of ] supreme rank . [ 7 ] To him of quadrupeds ( sing . ) to be milked [ 8 ] came to [ that ] place ( gathered to his house ) the thousands ( sing . ) of every [ species , because he , that man ] [ 9-10 ] of pure religion , had delivered to the milkers ( to be milked and guarded ) goats and camels and sheep likewise [ 11 ] and together suckling cows to the servants ( sing . see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) [ his ] [ 12 ] and together Arabian horses gracefully running . [ 13 ] And whoever needed milk , [ 14 ] for this desired thing he stretched out his hand ( i . e . he allowed it to be taken freely ) . [ 15 ] This [ man ] of pure religion had a son , [ 16 ] for whom he had no small part of love . [ 17 ] [ This young man ] desirous of reign ( ambitious ) [ had ] the name Zahhâk ( Dahâk , see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) , [ 18 ] and was brave and precipitate and undaunted . [ 19 ] They all called him Bîverasp ; [ 20 ] such a name they used [ then ] in [ the ] Pehlevic [ language ] ( see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) , [ 21 ] since < foreign > bîvar < /foreign > among the ( sing . ) Pehlevic numbers [ 22 ] is ( worth ) in the Derî language ( see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) ten thousand ; [ 23 ] [ and because ] he had ( lett , were to him ) ten thousand ( < foreign > bîvar < /foreign > ) horses ( < foreign > asp < /foreign > ) Arabs with golden reins , therefore ( < foreign > kih < /foreign > ) they bore ( applied ) [ such ] name to him . Day and night for two parts ( i . e . for two thirds of the day and night ) he was ( riding ) , only because of ( the reason for ) greatness , not because of war ( i . e . : he rode not because he had to make war , but only for pomp , for pride ) . Now so it was ( happened ) that one day , [ at ] dawn , Iblîs ( Ahrimane , the evil genius , see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) came ( he < pb n= " 245 " / > presented himself to the young Dahâk ) in the guise of a-lover-of-good ( of an honest man ) ; he led away ( diverted ) the heart of the prince ( Dahâk ) from the path of good , [ and ] the young man granted his ear to the sayings ( sing . ) of him ; [ and ] truly it pleased him to hear the sayings of him , nor was [ he ] aware of the evil deeds ( sing . ) of him ; to him [ therefore ] he abandoned ( gave into his power ) mind and heart and pure soul , [ and ] scattered [ thus ] on his own head the dust ( i . e . : did harm to himself ) . When Iblis knew that he had given him the heart , to his arts he turned unspeakably glad . Many words [ he ] said to him adorned and gracious , [ so ] to the young man his brain ( mind ) was ( became ) empty of knowledge ( went astray , allowed himself to be seduced ) . Iblis went on saying : I have ( know ) many words ( things ) which no one but I knows . - The young man said : Tell them and do not tarry so long , teach them to us , O man of right counsels . To him [ Iblis ] said : I wish first of thee ( from thee ) [ a ] pact , [ and ] then [ I will ] truly reveal [ these ] words to thee . - The young man was simple of heart and the pact he made with him , [ and ] as he commanded , he pronounced the oath , [ saying ] : Thy secret I will not speak with any one absolutely ( lit . , from the foundation , cf . lat . < foreign lang= " the " > funditus < /foreign > ) ; from thee I will hear ( obey ) whatever words thou [ me ] sayest .

Google Translation :

[ 1 ] He was [ there ] a man at that time [ 2 ] of the countryside [ inhabited ] by knights armed with spears ( the deserts of Arabia inhabited by warlike people ) , [ 3 ] a king both of great valor and an honest man at the same time , [ 4 ] [ full ] of sighs for fear of the Ruler of the world ( God ) . [ 5 ] The name of [ that ] valiant was Mirdâs , [ 6 ] and [ he ] in righteousness and liberality was [ a man of ] the highest rank . [ 7 ] To him of quadrupeds ( sing . ) To be milked [ 8 ] came to [ that ] place ( gathered at his house ) the thousands ( sing . ) Of every [ species , because he , that man ] [ 9- 10 ] of pure religion , he had given to the milkers ( to be milked and to guard ) goats and camels and sheep alike [ 11 ] and at the same time suckling cows to the servants ( sing . V . The < title > Vocab . < /title > ) [ his ] [ 12 ] and along with Arab running fairy horses . [ 13 ] To anyone who needed milk , [ 14 ] for this desired thing he stretched out his hand ( that is , he allowed to take it freely ) . [ 15 ] This [ man ] of pure religion had a son , [ 16 ] for whom he had no small share of love . [ 17 ] [ This young man ] eager to reign ( ambitious ) [ had ] the name Zahhâk ( Dahâk , v . The < title > Vocab . < /title > ) , [ 18 ] and was courageous and hasty and undaunted . [ 19 ] Everyone called him Bîverasp ; [ 20 ] they used this name [ at the time ] in [ language ] Pehlevica ( see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) , [ 21 ] since < foreign > bîvar < /foreign > among the Pehlevian ( sing . ) Numbers [ 22 ] is ( worth ) in the derî language ( see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) ten thousand ; [ 23 ] [ and why ] he had ( lit . , were to him ) ten thousand ( < foreign > bîvar < /foreign > ) Arabian horses ( < foreign > asp < /foreign > ) with golden bridles , therefore ( < foreign > kih < /foreign > ) bore ( applied ) [ such ] name to him . [ He ] day and night for two parts ( that is , for two thirds of the day and night ) was ( was ) in the saddle , only because ( because ) of greatness , not because of war ( that is : he rode not because he had to make war , but only for pomp , for pride ) . Now so it was ( it happened ) that one day , [ at ] dawn , Iblîs ( Ahrimane , the genius of evil , see the < title > Vocab . < /title > ) came ( si < pb n = " 245 " / > presented to the young Dahâk ) in the guise of a-lover-of-good ( of an honest man ) ; he took away ( deviated ) the heart of the prince ( Dahâk ) from the way of good , [ and ] the young man gave ear to his sayings ( sing . ) ; [ and ] he really liked the saying of him , nor was [ he ] aware of the evil works ( sing . ) of him ; to him [ then ] he abandoned ( gave in power ) his mind and heart and pure soul , [ and ] scattered [ thus ] the dust on his own head ( that is : he did harm to himself ) . When Iblîs knew that he had given him his heart , he turned unspeakably happy to his arts . He spoke many words [ to him ] adorned and graceful , [ whence ] to the young man the brain ( the mind ) was ( became ) empty of knowledge ( got lost , allowed itself to be seduced ) . [ Iblîs ] was saying : I have ( know , know ) many words ( things ) which no one but me knows . - The young man said : Say [ her ] and do not delay , teach [ her ] to us , you [ man ] give righteous advice - To him he said [ Iblîs ] : I desire before you ( from you ) [ a ] covenant , [ and ] then [ to you ] I will truly reveal [ these ] words . - The young man was simple of heart and the covenant he made with him , [ and ] as he commanded , he swore the oath , [ saying ] : Your secret I will say with absolutely no one ( literally , from the foundation , cf . lat . < foreign lang = " the " > funditus < /foreign > ) ; from you I will hear ( obey ) whatever word you [ me ] will say .
Davis Translation :

In those days , in the land of the Arabs , there was a good and fine king who sighed with fear before God . His name was Merdas , and he was a man of great generosity and justice .

Each of the herds he had entrusted to his shepherds numbered a thousand , whether of cows , or Arab horses , or goats , or milk-giving sheep , and he freely gave milk to anyone who needed it .

This righteous man had a son , whose character had very little kindness in it . He was an ambitious youth named Zahhak , brave , turbulent in his moods , and of an evil disposition . Everyone called him Bivarasp , a Pahlavi word meaning " ten thousand horses , " because he had ten thousand Arab horses , all with golden bridles . He spent most of his days and nights riding them , not into battle so much as to demonstrate his wealth and greatness .

One day at dawn Eblis appeared before Zahhak , presenting himself as a friendly well-wisher , and the youth was charmed by his conversation . Eblis said , " First I want your promise that our talk will be confidential , and then I will tell you what I have to say . " The young man greeted him kindly , and answered , " I will tell no one about anything I hear from you . "

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